232. Implement Queue using Stacks

Difficulty: Easy

Frequency: N/A

Implement the following operations of a queue using stacks.

  • push(x) — Push element x to the back of queue.
  • pop() — Removes the element from in front of queue.
  • peek() — Get the front element.
  • empty() — Return whether the queue is empty.

Notes:

  • You must use only standard operations of a stack — which means only push to top, peek/pop from top, size, and is empty operations are valid.
  • Depending on your language, stack may not be supported natively. You may simulate a stack by using a list or deque (double-ended queue), as long as you use only standard operations of a stack.
  • You may assume that all operations are valid (for example, no pop or peek operations will be called on an empty queue).

My solution:
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Code:
class Queue {
public:
    // Push element x to the back of queue.
    void push(int x) {
        stack<int> tmp;
        while (!s.empty()) {
            tmp.push(s.top());
            s.pop();
        }
        s.push(x);
        while (!tmp.empty()) {
            s.push(tmp.top());
            tmp.pop();
        }
    }

    // Removes the element from in front of queue.
    void pop(void) {
        s.pop();
    }

    // Get the front element.
    int peek(void) {
        return s.top();
    }

    // Return whether the queue is empty.
    bool empty(void) {
        return s.empty();
    }
private:
    stack<int> s;
};

Another solution:
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225. Implement Stack using Queues

Difficulty: Easy

Frequency: N/A

Implement the following operations of a stack using queues.

  • push(x) — Push element x onto stack.
  • pop() — Removes the element on top of the stack.
  • top() — Get the top element.
  • empty() — Return whether the stack is empty.

Notes:

  • You must use only standard operations of a queue — which means only push to back, peek/pop from front, size, and is empty operations are valid.
  • Depending on your language, queue may not be supported natively. You may simulate a queue by using a list or deque (double-ended queue), as long as you use only standard operations of a queue.
  • You may assume that all operations are valid (for example, no pop or top operations will be called on an empty stack).

My solution:
Data structure:
Steps:
Complexity:
Runtime:
Space:
Test cases:
Corner cases:
Code:
class Stack {
public:
    // Push element x onto stack.
    void push(int x) {
        queue<int> tmp;
        while (!q.empty()) {
            tmp.push(q.front());
            q.pop();
        }
        q.push(x);
        while(!tmp.empty()) {
            q.push(tmp.front());
            tmp.pop();
        }
    }

    // Removes the element on top of the stack.
    void pop() {
        q.pop();
    }

    // Get the top element.
    int top() {
        return q.front();
    }

    // Return whether the stack is empty.
    bool empty() {
        return q.empty();
    }
private:
    queue<int> q;
};

Another solution:
Data structure:
steps:
Complexity:
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Things to learn: